Fast Facts


A Peaceful Country:
In the Western Hemisphere, Costa Rica is the only country without an army or military of any kind.

Location:
situated in the Central American isthmus, immediately north of Panama, with ports in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and 153 highway miles between them.

Longevity: Costa Ricans have a life expectancy of 76 years.

Social Plan: The Costa Rican Social Security Service is intended to cover 100% of the population. Currently 90% of the inhabitants are members and the rest are covered by the federal government.

Immense Diversity: Due to its geographical location, Costa Rica bridges the northern and southern most points of the two American contents. This makes Costa Rica the meeting point of a variety of cultures and a density of plant and animal species said to be unlike any other country in the world.

Population: 4.0 million (figure taken in year 2000) Men: 49,86% - Women: 50,14%

Density: 203.5 inhabitants per square mile

Life Expectancy: 76.1 years

Literacy Rate: 96.2%

Student Population: (primary and secondary) 889,306

Educational Institutions: 6147 primary and secondary schools

Education Expenditures: US $980 M (200), or 6.25% of the GDP. Minimum fixed by law at 6% of GDP.

Population Recieving Piped Water: 99%

Public Health Services Coverage: 90.4% of population

Health Expenditures: 27.8% of government total

Access to Telephone Service: 92% of population

Area: 51,000 square kilometers (19,652 sq. miles)

Country Capital: San José

Major Metropolitan Center: San José (1 M)

Government: Constitutional

Languages Spoken: Spanish and English

Habitat: Ranges from humid lowland jungles to arid bare mountain peaks.

Length of the Pacific Coastline: 640 miles

Length of the Caribbean Coastline: 132 miles

Highest Point: Mount Chirripó

Hundreds of Birds: Costa Rica has approximately 850 bird species, 600 of which are non-migratory. The other birds migrate during the North American winter, making a stop in Costa Rica before continuing on to South America.

Plant Species: 9000

Insect Species: 34,000

Mammalian Species: 205

Reptilian Species: 220

Amphibian Species: 160

Plethora of Protected Land: Costa Rica is among the countries with the highest amount of protected land in the world; 25% of the national territory is dedicated to the national park system or biological, marine and land reserves, as well as other natural wildlife areas.

Healthy Environs:The best tourist beaches in Costa Rica have been awarded the Ecological Blue Flag which ensures hygenic/sanitary conditions and proper management.

Earthquakes: The tectonic plates under Costa Rica shift from time to time, creating anywhere from 2 to 40 earthquakes in a month's time. These tremors are usually rather slight and barely noticeable. Occasionally one will be a little stronger, registering around 5 on the Richter scale, doing little damage other than shaking your feelings of security.

Tourism Watchdog:Costa Rica has a Sustainable Tourism Certification (STC) program; its goal is to classify and certify tourism companies based on how well their operations match a sustainability model.


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Costa Rica 101

Costa Rica Facts

In the Western Hemisphere, Costa Rica is the only country without an army or military of any kind.

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